Car Manufacturers

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The automotive industry designs, develops, manufactures, markets, and sells motor vehicles, and is one of the world's most important economic sectors by revenue.

Contents

History

The first automobile with a petrol engine was built by Karl Benz in 1885 in Mannheim, Germany. Benz was granted a patent for his automobile on 29 January 1886, and began the first production of automobiles in 1888, after Bertha Benz, his wife, had proved with the first long-distance trip in August 1888 (from Mannheim to Pforzheim and back) that the horseless coach was absolutely suitable for daily use. Since 2008 a Bertha Benz Memorial Route commemorates this event.

Soon after, Gottlieb Daimler and Wilhelm Maybach in Stuttgart in 1889 designed a vehicle from scratch to be an automobile, rather than a horse-drawn carriage fitted with an engine. They also are usually credited as inventors of the first motorcycle, the Daimler Reitwagen, in 1885, but Italy's Enrico Bernardi, of the University of Padua, in 1882, patented a {{safesubst:#invoke:convert|convert}} {{safesubst:#invoke:convert|convert}} one-cylinder petrol motor, fitting it into his son's tricycle, making it at least a candidate for the first automobile, and first motorcycle;.<ref name=georgano>Georgano, G. N. Cars: Early and Vintage, 1886–1930. (London: Grange-Universal, 1985)</ref>Template:Rp Bernardi enlarged the tricycle in 1892 to carry two adults.<ref name=georgano/>Template:Rp

Until 2005, the U.S.A. was leading the world in total automobile production. In 2006, Japan narrowly passed the U.S. in production and held this rank until 2008. In 2009, China took the top spot with 13.78 million units produced. With 18.3 million units produced 2010, China produced nearly twice the amount of second place Japan (9.6 million units), the U.S. trailed in place 3 with 7.8 million units. <ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref>


Economy

About 250 million vehicles are in use in the United States. Around the world, there were about 806 million cars and light trucks on the road in 2007, consuming over {{safesubst:#invoke:convert|convert}} of gasoline and diesel fuel yearly.<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> The automobile is a primary mode of transportation for many developed economies. The Detroit branch of Boston Consulting Group predicts that, by 2014, one-third of world demand will be in the four BRIC markets (Brazil, Russia, India and China). Other potentially powerful automotive markets are Iran and Indonesia.<ref>Paul A. Eisenstein Building BRIC's: 4 Markets Could Soon Dominate the Auto World at TheDetroitBureau.com</ref> Emerging auto markets already buy more cars than established markets. According to a J.D. Power study, emerging markets accounted for 51 percent of the global light-vehicle sales in 2010. The study expects this trend to accelerate.<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref><ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref>

World motor vehicle production

By year

Template:Global Production of Motorvehicles

By country

Template:World motor vehicle production by country in 2010

By manufacturer

Template:World motor vehicle production by manufacturer in 2010

Company relationships

It is common for automobile manufacturers to hold stakes in other automobile manufacturers. These ownerships can be explored under the detail for the individual companies.

Notable current relationships include:{{ safesubst:#invoke:Unsubst||$N=Citation needed |date=__DATE__ |$B= {{#invoke:Category handler|main}}{{#invoke:Category handler|main}}[citation needed] }}

Top vehicle manufacturing groups (by volume)

The table below shows the world's largest motor vehicle manufacturing groups, along with the marques produced by each one. The table is ranked by 2010 end of year production figures from the International Organization of Motor Vehicle Manufacturers (OICA)<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> for the parent group, and then alphabetically by marque. Joint ventures are not reflected in this table. Production figures of joint ventures are typically included in OICA rankings, which can become a source of controversy.<ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref><ref>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref>

Marque Country of origin Ownership Markets
1. Toyota Motor Corporation (Template:Flag)
Daihatsu Template:Country data JPN Subsidiary Global, except North America and Australia
Hino Template:Country data JPN Subsidiary Asia Pacific, North America and South America
Lexus Template:Country data JPN Division Global
Scion Template:Country data USA Division North America
Toyota Template:Country data JPN Division Global
2. General Motors Company (Template:Flag)
Buick Template:Country data USA Division North America, China, Israel, Taiwan
Cadillac Template:Country data USA Division North America, Europe, Asia, Middle East, Africa
Chevrolet Template:Country data USA Division Global, except Australia, New Zealand
GMC Template:Country data USA Division North America, Middle East
Holden Template:Country data AUS Subsidiary Australia, New Zealand
Opel 23x15px Subsidiary Global, except North America, United Kingdom
Vauxhall Template:Country data UK Subsidiary United Kingdom
3. Volkswagen Group AG (Template:Flag)
Audi 23x15px Subsidiary Global
Bentley Template:Country data UK Subsidiary Global
Bugatti 23x15px Subsidiary Global
Lamborghini 23x15px Subsidiary Global
Scania Template:Country data SWE Subsidiary Global
SEAT Template:Country data ESP Subsidiary Europe, South America, North Africa, Middle East
Škoda Template:Country data CZE Subsidiary Global, except North America, Japan and South Africa
Volkswagen 23x15px Subsidiary Global
Volkswagen Commercial Vehicles 23x15px Subsidiary Global
4. Hyundai Kia Automotive Group (Template:Flag)
Hyundai Template:Country data KOR Division Global
Kia Template:Country data KOR Division Global, except Mexico
5. Ford Motor Company (Template:Flag)
Ford Template:Country data USA Division Global
Lincoln Template:Country data USA Division North America, Middle East, Japan, South Korea
6. Nissan (Template:Flag)
Infiniti Template:Country data JPN Division Global, except Japan, South America and Africa
Nissan Template:Country data JPN Division Global
7. Honda Motor Company (Template:Flag)
Acura Template:Country data USA Division North America, China
Honda Template:Country data JPN Division Global
8. PSA Peugeot Citroën S.A. (Template:Flag)
Citroën 23x15px Subsidiary Global, except North America, South Asia
Peugeot 23x15px Subsidiary Global, except North America, South Asia
9. Suzuki Motor Corporation (Template:Flag)
Maruti Suzuki Template:Country data IND Subsidiary India, Middle East, South America
Suzuki Template:Country data JPN Division Global
10. Renault (Template:Flag)
Dacia Template:Country data ROM Subsidiary Europe, Latin America, Africa, Asia, except Japan
Renault 23x15px Division Global, except North America, South Korea
Renault Samsung Template:Country data KOR Subsidiary South America, Asia, except Japan and China
11. Fiat S.p.A. (Template:Flag)
Abarth 23x15px Subsidiary Global, except North America
Alfa Romeo 23x15px Subsidiary Global
Ferrari 23x15px Subsidiary Global
Fiat 23x15px Subsidiary Global
Fiat Professional 23x15px Subsidiary Global, except North America and Japan
Lancia 23x15px Subsidiary Europe (except UK and Republic of Ireland) and Japan
Maserati 23x15px Subsidiary Global
12. Daimler AG (Template:Flag)
Freightliner Template:Country data USA Division North America, South Africa, Australia, New Zealand
Master Template:Country data PAK Subsidiary Pakistan
Maybach 23x15px Division Global
Mercedes-Benz 23x15px Division Global
Mitsubishi Fuso Template:Country data JPN Subsidiary Global
Orion Template:Country data CAN Subsidiary North America
Setra 23x15px Subsidiary Europe
Smart 23x15px Division North America, Europe, Japan, South East Asia, South Africa
Thomas Built Template:Country data USA Subsidiary North America
Western Star Template:Country data USA Subsidiary North America, Australia, New Zealand
13. Chrysler Group, LLC (Template:Flag)
Chrysler Template:Country data USA Division Global
Dodge Template:Country data USA Division Global
Jeep Template:Country data USA Division Global
Ram Template:Country data USA Division North America
14. BMW AG (Template:Flag)
BMW 23x15px Division Global
MINI Template:Country data UK Division Global
Rolls-Royce Template:Country data UK Subsidiary Global
15. Mazda Motor Corporation (Template:Flag)
Mazda Template:Country data JPN Division Global
16. Mitsubishi Motors Corporation (Template:Flag)
Mitsubishi Template:Country data JPN Division Global
17. Chana Automobile Company, Ltd (Template:Flag)
Chana Template:Country data CHN Division China, South Africa, Europe
18. Tata Motors, Ltd (Template:Flag)
Hispano Template:Country data ESP Subsidiary Europe
Jaguar Template:Country data UK Subsidiary Global
Land Rover Template:Country data UK Subsidiary Global
Tata Template:Country data IND Division Global, except North America
Tata Daewoo Template:Country data KOR Subsidiary South Korea
19. First Automotive Group Corporation (Template:Flag)
Besturn Template:Country data CHN Division China
Freewind Template:Country data CHN Subsidiary China
Haima Template:Country data CHN Subsidiary China
Hongqi Template:Country data CHN Division China
Jiaxing Template:Country data CHN Subsidiary China
Vita Template:Country data CHN Subsidiary China
Xiali Template:Country data CHN Subsidiary China
20. Geely Automobile (Template:Flag)
Geely Template:Country data CHN Division China, Russia, North Africa
Maple Template:Country data CHN Division China
Volvo (Cars) Template:Country data SWE Subsidiary Global
21. Chery Automobile Company, Ltd (Template:Flag)
Chery Template:Country data CHN Division China, Africa, South East Asia, Russia
Riich Template:Country data CHN Division China
Rely Template:Country data CHN Division China
22. Fuji Heavy Industries, Ltd (Template:Flag)
Subaru Template:Country data JPN Division Global
23. Dongfeng Motor Corporation (Template:Flag)
Dongfeng Template:Country data CHN Division China
24. Beijing Automotive Industry Holding Corporation, Ltd (Template:Flag)
BAW Template:Country data CHN Division China
Foton Template:Country data CHN Subsidiary China
25. OAO AvtoVAZ (Template:Flag)
Lada Template:Country data RUS Division Global, except North America and Portugal
VAZ Template:Country data RUS Division Russia
26. BYD Auto (Template:Flag)
BYD Template:Country data CHN Division China, Russia
27. Isuzu Motors, Ltd (Template:Flag)
Isuzu Template:Country data JPN Division Global, except North America
28. Anhui Jianghuai Automobile Company, Ltd (Template:Flag)
JAC Template:Country data CHN Division China
29. Brilliance China Automotive Holding, Ltd (Template:Flag)
Brilliance Template:Country data CHN Division China, North Africa
Jinbei Template:Country data CHN Subsidiary China
30. Great Wall Motor Company, Ltd (Template:Flag)
Great Wall Template:Country data CHN Division China, South Africa, Russia, North Africa, Australia
Litex Motors Template:Country data Bulgaria Subsidiary Europe
31. Shanghai Automotive Industry Corporation (Template:Flag)
MG Motor Template:Country data UK Subsidiary United Kingdom, Chile, Argentina, China
Roewe Template:Country data CHN Division China
Soyat Template:Country data CHN Division China
Yuejin Template:Country data CHN Division China
32. Mahindra & Mahindra, Ltd (Template:Flag)
Mahindra Template:Country data IND Division India, South East Asia, Europe, North Africa, North America
SsangYong** Template:Country data KOR Subsidiary Global
33. Hafei Motor (Template:Flag)
Hafei Template:Country data CHN Subsidiary China
34. AB Volvo (Template:Flag)
Mack Template:Country data USA Subsidiary Global
Nissan Diesel Template:Country data JPN Subsidiary Global
NovaBus Template:Country data CAN Subsidiary North America
Prevost Template:Country data CAN Subsidiary North America
Renault (trucks) 23x15px Subsidiary Global, except Japan
Volvo (trucks) Template:Country data SWE Division Global
35. Jiangxi Changhe Automobile (Template:Flag)
Changhe Template:Country data CHN Division China
36. Qingling Motors Company Ltd. (Template:Flag)
Qingling Template:Country data CHN Division China
37. Proton Holdings, Bhd (Template:Flag)
Proton Template:Country data Malaysia Division Asia Pacific (except Japan and South Africa), United Kingdom, Middle East
Lotus Template:Country data UK Subsidiary Global
38. Hunan Jiangnan Automobile (Template:Flag)
Jiangnan Template:Country data CHN Division China
39. MAN SE (Template:Flag)
MAN SE 23x15px Division Europe
40. Chongqing Lifan Automobile Company, Ltd (Template:Flag)
Lifan Template:Country data CHN Division China
41. Fujian Motor Industry Group Company (Template:Flag)
Soueast Template:Country data CHN Division China
42. Kuozui Motors, Ltd (Template:Flag)
Kuozui Template:Country data Taiwan Subsidiary Taiwan
43. Shandong Kaima (Template:Flag)
Kaima Template:Country data CHN Division China
Jubao Template:Country data CHN Division China
Aofeng Template:Country data CHN Division China
44. Porsche (Template:Flag)
Porsche 23x15px Subsidiary Global
45. Chenzhou Gonow Nanyan Chifeng Vehicle (Template:Flag)
Gonow Template:Country data CHN Division China
46. Ziyang Nanjun Automobile Co., Ltd. (Template:Flag)
Nanjun Template:Country data CHN Division China
47. Rongcheng Huatai Motor (Template:Flag)
Huatai Template:Country data CHN Division China

Notes

* Porsche Automobil Holding SE has a 50.7 percent share in the Volkswagen Group.<ref name=VWAG-shareholders>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> However, Volkswagen Group will acquire Porsche AG, the automotive manufacturer under a new "Integrated Automotive Group". This merger/acquisition is expected to be fully completed in mid-2011.<ref name=PorscheMerger>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=pressrelease |type=Press release }}</ref><ref name=VWAG_merger>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=pressrelease |type=Press release }}</ref>

** SsangYong Motor Company was acquired by India's Mahindra & Mahindra Limited in February 2011.<ref name=toi-mmss>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref>

Minor automotive manufacturers

There are many automobile manufacturers other than the major global companies. They are mostly regional or operating in niche markets.

References

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External links

Template:Wiktionary

See also

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