Alfa Romeo 1900

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{{#invoke:Infobox|infobox}} The Alfa Romeo 1900 is a sports sedan designed by Orazio Satta for the Alfa Romeo company in 1950. It was Alfa Romeo's first car built entirely on a production line. It was also Alfa's first production car without a separate chassis and the first Alfa offered with left-hand drive.<ref name="automotivetraveler">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> The car was introduced for the first time in 1950 at the Paris Motor Show.<ref name="sportscarauction.ch">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref>

Contents

Berlina/Sprint

The 1900 was offered in two-door or four-door models, with a new 1,884 cc (bore {{safesubst:#invoke:convert|convert}}, stroke {{safesubst:#invoke:convert|convert}}), {{safesubst:#invoke:convert|convert}}, 4-cylinder twin cam engine. It was spacious and simple, yet quick and sporty. The slogan Alfa used when selling it was "The family car that wins races", not-so-subtly alluding to the car's success in the Targa Florio, Stella Alpina, and other competitions. In 1951 the short wheelbase 1900C (c for corto (Italian for short)) version was introduced. It had a wheelbase of {{safesubst:#invoke:convert|convert}}.<ref name="sportscarmarket.com/Profiles/2004">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref> In the same year the 1900TI with a more powerful {{safesubst:#invoke:convert|convert}} engine was introduced, it had bigger valves, a higher compression ratio and it was equipped with a double carburetor. Two years later the 1900 Super and 1900 TI Super (also 1900 Super Sprint) with 1975 cc engine were introduced (bore increased to {{safesubst:#invoke:convert|convert}}, stroke unchanged). The TI Super had two double carburetors and {{safesubst:#invoke:convert|convert}}. Transmission was a 4-speed manual on basic versions and 5-speed manual in Super Sprint version, the brakes were drum brakes. The 1900 had independent front suspension (double wishbones, coil springs and hydraulic telescopic shock absorbers) and live rear axle.

Production at the company's Milan plant continued until 1959: a total of 21,304 were built, including 17,390 of the saloons.<ref>Alfa Romeo Typenhandbuch, Alle Modelle von 1910 bis heute. ISBN 3-89880-114-4</ref>

The chassis was designed specifically to allow coachbuilders to rebody it, the most notable of which was the Zagato designed, 1900 Super Sprint Coupe, with an improved engine and custom body design. The Alfa Romeo 1900M AR51 (or "Matta") is a four-wheel drive off-road vehicle based on the 1900-series.

Coachbuilt versions: Sprints, Spiders, Coupés and Cabriolets

Iginio Alessio, then general manager of Alfa Romeo, was concerned for the viability of the independent Italian Coachbuilding industry–the avant of the unibody chassis design was threatening to put the carrazzeri out of business. Alessio was also a personal friend of Gaetano Ponzoni co-owner of Carrozzeria Touring Superleggera,<ref name=Garcia>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=book }}</ref> thus from 1951-1958 Alfa Romeo built five different variations of the 1900 unibody chassis specifically for independent coachbiulders.<ref name=Garcia>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=book }}</ref>

Alfa Romeo gave official contracts to Touring to build the sporty 1900 Sprint coupe and to Pininfarina to build an elegant four seat Cabriolet and Coupe. The availability of a suitable chassis led to many other coachbiulders to build versions of the 1900.<ref name=Garcia>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=book }}</ref>

File:110 ans de l'automobile au Grand Palais -Alfa Romeo 1900C Series 2 Sprint Coupé - 1954 - 003.jpg
110 ans de l'automobile au Grand Palais -Alfa Romeo 1900C Series 2 Sprint Coupé - 1954 - 003
File:110 ans de l'automobile au Grand Palais -Alfa Romeo 1900C Series 2 Sprint Coupé - 1954 - 008.jpg
110 ans de l'automobile au Grand Palais -Alfa Romeo 1900C Series 2 Sprint Coupé - 1954 - 008

Carrozzeria Zagato built a small series of coupés with the unofficial designation of 1900 SSZ, designed for racing with an aerodynamic lightweight aluminum body and Zagato's trademark double bubble roof.<ref name=Garcia>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=book }}</ref>

One-off specials where numerous from the famous Bertone BAT series of aerodynamic studies, to an infamous sci-fi like Astral spider designed by Carrozzeria Boneschi for Rafael Trujillo the dictator of the Dominican Republic.<ref name=Garcia>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=book }}</ref> There was a Barchetta or "Boat Car" made by Ghia-Aigle in Lugano Switzerland designed by Giovanni Michelotti at the request of a wealthy Italian who had two passions: the 'Riva' boats and a woman, his mistress, the car has no doors or windscreen wipers.<ref name="bonhams">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref><ref name=" Ghia-Aigle">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref>

File:1955 Alfa Romeo BAT 9.jpg
1955 Alfa Romeo BAT 9
File:1956AlfaRomeo1900SSZagato.jpg
1956AlfaRomeo1900SSZagato
File:1956 Alfa Romeo 1900C Super Sprint berlinetta by Touring - fvr.jpg
1956 Alfa Romeo 1900C Super Sprint berlinetta by Touring - fvr

Bellow is a sortable list of coachbuilt Alfa Romeo 1900s.

Year Coachbiulder Model Quantity
1951 Touring citation CitationClass=book

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citation CitationClass=book

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Pininfarina 4 seat Coupé 1
1952 Zagato citation CitationClass=book

}}</ref>

citation CitationClass=web

}}</ref>

1957 Zagato citation CitationClass=book

}}</ref>

citation CitationClass=web

}}</ref>

1953 Touring citation CitationClass=web

}}</ref>

11 (incl. 3 Stradale)
1955 Touring citation CitationClass=book

}}</ref>

1
1955 Touring citation CitationClass=book

}}</ref>

1
1956 Touring citation CitationClass=book

}}</ref>

1957 Touring citation CitationClass=book

}}</ref>

1
1952 Pininfarina Cabriolet citation CitationClass=book

}}</ref>

1952 Pininfarina Coupé citation CitationClass=book

}}</ref>

1953 Pininfarina Coupé citation CitationClass=book

}}</ref>

1952 Pininfarina TI Coupé citation CitationClass=web

}}</ref>

1953 Boneschi Astral spider citation CitationClass=web

}}</ref> {{#invoke:Category handler|main}}[better source needed]

1955 Boano Primavera Coupé
1955 Boano SS Coupé
Boano Coupé Tipo3 1
1952 Colli Coupé
1952 Stabilimenti Farina Victoria Cabriolet citation CitationClass=web

}}</ref>

1952 Boneschi Coupé
1953 Ghia C coupe
1953 Ghia SS coupe citation CitationClass=web

}}</ref>

1954-55 Ghia 1900C Coupé Special citation CitationClass=web

}}</ref>

1955 Ghia-Aigle citation CitationClass=web

}}</ref><ref name=400plAigle>{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation

CitationClass=web

}}</ref>

1
1955 Ghia-Aigle citation CitationClass=web

}}</ref><ref name=400plAigle/>

1
1956 Ghia-Aigle Coupé<ref name=400plAigle/>
1956 Ghia-Aigle Barchetta "Spider Razza"<ref name=400plAigle/> 1
1957 Ghia-Aigle SS Cabriolet<ref name=400plAigle/>
1957-59 Ghia-Aigle Coupé Lugano<ref name=400plAigle/>
1958 Ghia-Aigle SS Cabriolet<ref name=400plAigle/>
1958 Ghia-Aigle SS Coupé<ref name=400plAigle/>
1953 Bertone BAT 5 1
1954 Bertone BAT 7 1
1955 Bertone BAT 9 1
Bertone Coupe
1955 Worblaufen <ref name="Worblaufen">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation CitationClass=web

}}</ref>

SS Cabriolet
1953 Vignale 'La Fleche' Spider 1
1953 Vignale SS Coupé

1954 Alfa Romeo 1900 Sport Spider

In 1954 Alfa Romeo made two spiders and two coupes using similar chassis as the C52 Disco Volante. In Bertone, Franco Scaglione penned two unique aluminum bodies, a coupe and a spider. The coupe was known as 2000 Sportiva. It weighs {{safesubst:#invoke:convert|convert}} and has {{safesubst:#invoke:convert|convert}}. The acceleration is on par with most contemporary exotics and top speed is around {{safesubst:#invoke:convert|convert}}.<ref name="autoweek.com">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref>

File:Alfa Romeo 2000 Sportiva Goodwood.jpg
Alfa Romeo 2000 Sportiva Goodwood

Engines

Model Displacement Power Top speed
1900 1,884 cc 80-90 bhp convert}}-{{safesubst:#invoke:convert|convert}}<ref name="motorbase.com">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation CitationClass=web

}}</ref><ref name="carsfromitaly.net">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation

CitationClass=web

}}</ref>

TI 1,884 cc 100 bhp convert}}<ref name="geocities.com">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation CitationClass=web

}}</ref>

Super 1,975 cc 90 bhp convert}}<ref name="carfolio.com">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation CitationClass=web

}}</ref>

TI Super 1,975 cc 115 bhp convert}}<ref name="carsfromitaly.net"/>

IKA Bergantin

Industrias Kaiser Argentina produced between 1960 and 1962 a car named IKA Bergantin in Argentina, the body and suspension was from the 1900 Berlina and engines were from the Willys line, the 4-L {{safesubst:#invoke:convert|convert}} and the 6-L {{safesubst:#invoke:convert|convert}}.<ref name="blogs.consumeraffairs.com/alfa_news">{{#invoke:citation/CS1|citation |CitationClass=web }}</ref>

Gallery of models

Notes

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External links

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